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Legend has it that, at this time, Newton experienced his famous inspiration of gravity with the falling apple.

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According to this common myth, Newton was sitting under an apple tree when a fruit fell and hit him on the head, inspiring him to suddenly come up with the theory of gravity. While there is no evidence that the apple actually hit Newton on the head, he did see an apple fall from a tree, leading him to wonder why it fell straight down and not at an angle.


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Consequently, he began exploring the theories of motion and gravity. It was during this month hiatus as a student that Newton conceived many of his most important insights—including the method of infinitesimal calculus, the foundations for his theory of light and color, and the laws of planetary motion—that eventually led to the publication of his physics book Principia and his theory of gravity.


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  • Sir Isaac Newton: The Gravity of Genius!

In , following 18 months of intense and effectively nonstop work, Newton published Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy , most often known as Principia. Its publication immediately raised Newton to international prominence. Principia offers an exact quantitative description of bodies in motion, with three basic but important laws of motion:.

Force is equal to mass times acceleration, and a change in motion i. In Newton's account, gravity kept the universe balanced, made it work, and brought heaven and Earth together in one great equation. Among the dissenters was Robert Hooke , one of the original members of the Royal Academy and a scientist who was accomplished in a number of areas, including mechanics and optics.

While Newton theorized that light was composed of particles, Hooke believed it was composed of waves. Hooke quickly condemned Newton's paper in condescending terms, and attacked Newton's methodology and conclusions. Hooke was not the only one to question Newton's work in optics.

Reputation made

But because of Hooke's association with the Royal Society and his own work in optics, his criticism stung Newton the worst. Unable to handle the critique, he went into a rage—a reaction to criticism that was to continue throughout his life. Newton denied Hooke's charge that his theories had any shortcomings and argued the importance of his discoveries to all of science.

In the ensuing months, the exchange between the two men grew more acrimonious, and soon Newton threatened to quit the Royal Society altogether. He remained only when several other members assured him that the Fellows held him in high esteem. The rivalry between Newton and Hooke would continue for several years thereafter. Then, in , Newton suffered a complete nervous breakdown and the correspondence abruptly ended. The death of his mother the following year caused him to become even more isolated, and for six years he withdrew from intellectual exchange except when others initiated correspondence, which he always kept short.

During his hiatus from public life, Newton returned to his study of gravitation and its effects on the orbits of planets.

Albert Einstein born

Ironically, the impetus that put Newton on the right direction in this study came from Robert Hooke. In a letter of general correspondence to Royal Society members for contributions, Hooke wrote to Newton and brought up the question of planetary motion, suggesting that a formula involving the inverse squares might explain the attraction between planets and the shape of their orbits. Subsequent exchanges transpired before Newton quickly broke off the correspondence once again.

But Hooke's idea was soon incorporated into Newton's work on planetary motion, and from his notes it appears he had quickly drawn his own conclusions by , though he kept his discoveries to himself. In early , in a conversation with fellow Royal Society members Christopher Wren and Edmond Halley, Hooke made his case on the proof for planetary motion.

Both Wren and Halley thought he was on to something, but pointed out that a mathematical demonstration was needed. In August , Halley traveled to Cambridge to visit with Newton, who was coming out of his seclusion. Halley idly asked him what shape the orbit of a planet would take if its attraction to the sun followed the inverse square of the distance between them Hooke's theory. Newton knew the answer, due to his concentrated work for the past six years, and replied, "An ellipse.

Upon the publication of the first edition of Principia in , Robert Hooke immediately accused Newton of plagiarism, claiming that he had discovered the theory of inverse squares and that Newton had stolen his work.


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The charge was unfounded, as most scientists knew, for Hooke had only theorized on the idea and had never brought it to any level of proof. Newton, however, was furious and strongly defended his discoveries. He withdrew all references to Hooke in his notes and threatened to withdraw from publishing the subsequent edition of Principia altogether. Halley, who had invested much of himself in Newton's work, tried to make peace between the two men.

While Newton begrudgingly agreed to insert a joint acknowledgment of Hooke's work shared with Wren and Halley in his discussion of the law of inverse squares, it did nothing to placate Hooke. As the years went on, Hooke's life began to unravel. His beloved niece and companion died the same year that Principia was published, in As Newton's reputation and fame grew, Hooke's declined, causing him to become even more bitter and loathsome toward his rival.

To the very end, Hooke took every opportunity he could to offend Newton. Knowing that his rival would soon be elected president of the Royal Society, Hooke refused to retire until the year of his death, in Following the publication of Principia , Newton was ready for a new direction in life. He no longer found contentment in his position at Cambridge and was becoming more involved in other issues. He helped lead the resistance to King James II's attempts to reinstitute Catholic teaching at Cambridge, and in he was elected to represent Cambridge in Parliament.

While in London, Newton acquainted himself with a broader group of intellectuals and became acquainted with political philosopher John Locke. Though many of the scientists on the continent continued to teach the mechanical world according to Aristotle , a young generation of British scientists became captivated with Newton's new view of the physical world and recognized him as their leader.

However, within a few years, Newton fell into another nervous breakdown in The cause is open to speculation: his disappointment over not being appointed to a higher position by England's new monarchs, William III and Mary II, or the subsequent loss of his friendship with Duillier; exhaustion from being overworked; or perhaps chronic mercury poisoning after decades of alchemical research.

It's difficult to know the exact cause, but evidence suggests that letters written by Newton to several of his London acquaintances and friends, including Duillier, seemed deranged and paranoiac, and accused them of betrayal and conspiracy. Perth Mint Depository Online allows you to buy and sell precious metals through an easy to use and secure online trading platform. The Depository Online facility suits investors who want to be able to react quickly 24 hours a day to the dynamic precious metals markets.

When Sir Isaac Newton came to The Royal Mint, Britain's finances were approaching crisis, with up to one in ten circulating coins believed to be forged. His vision of matchless quality led him to root out and prosecute notorious counterfeiters, improve assaying techniques the way coin quality is checked , and refine weights and measures to standards never seen before.

In Newton became Master of the Mint. After overseeing the new coinage for the accession of Queen Anne in , he also supervised the huge task of bringing Scottish coinage into line with English coinage, following the Union of England and Scotland in This 50p coin is struck in 22 carat gold to Proof standard.

Only registered users can write reviews. Please, log in or register. For orders under these amounts please use our shipping calculator. All shipments sent by LPM are insured, however orders are only covered while in transit. Very excellent study!! I find it fascinating that we have in our grasps a solid date to which we see may mark the end. I also am enraptured by the fact that so many comments on here seek to stifle purpose of this being printed. I also find it absolute foolishness to suggest that we should not know these types of things.

This just sums up what the Bible has been stating all along. Men loved darkness which is translated ignorance. The love to stay in ignorance and not face the truth that very soon this world will be over and done with and those who have received forgiveness of sins will be in the new earth and Heaven. So please make your decision and come to the Lord while their is still time.

Keep the faith. It shows how living our lives with more integrity and compassion, will make them easier, cause us less suffering, and allow us to succeed in what we do. It asserts humans were given free will, and guided by the moral compass within Scripture, our behavior can evolve away from evil and toward righteousness. It addresses Good and Evil, and the nature of each. It reviews six major religions, and shows that at their core, they are remarkably similar. It states God desires very little of us—regardless of our culture, religion, or ethnicity.

In simple terms, He wants us to be righteous, do justice, and love compassion. He also desires a relationship with man, and the book documents not only multiple examples of Divine Providence, but how to engage God real-time! Instead of using religion as a tool to predict the end of humans, Scientists have been using the sperm of human males to reach a more scientific summation.

Professor John Newton, nuclear physicist

Human males average less than half the sperm recorded from Because of chemical pollution, both estrogen and testosterone are being destroyed. By the time we do this, the last generation of humans will be upon us.

The 50p that means so much to The Royal Mint

By we could very well be at the end of life as we know it and there is nowhere else to go. Climate change is taking care of speeding up the process. Super storms are spreading the chemical pollution, the oceans are dying, the land and aquifers underneath are dying, all life is being polluted from within. Y no leen parcialmente la Biblia. Muchos escuchan su pastor acerca de los testigos y piensan que ya saben todo. Mine is between CE to CE. By using reduction analysis, it will be on I used confidence interval system in estimating its eventuality and not a one point system.

I have already documented the evidence using content analysis from the Bible using deductive method. I used the Bible as the main source of the concepts, then I used mathematical representation in extracting its implication using enumeration method.