Dried blood look like cancel cells
Almost everyone has some moles, and nearly all of them are harmless. A normal mole, like the one pictured here, is usually an evenly colored brown, tan, or black spot on the skin. It can be either flat or raised, round or oval. Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the cells that give skin its color. Normal moles also develop from these skin cells. But moles that are larger and have an abnormal shape or color can sometimes turn into melanoma.
Melanoma is much less common than basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers, but it is far more dangerous. Like this one, melanomas may have different colors and jagged borders. They may not be round, and one half might not look like the other half. Melanomas can occur anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start in certain areas.
The trunk chest and back is the most common site in men. The legs are the most common site in women. The neck and face are other common sites. Melanomas often look different from other spots on the skin.
Melanomas are usually brown or black, but some can appear pink, tan, or even white. Some melanomas have areas with different colors, and they might not be round like normal moles. They might grow quickly or even spread into the surrounding skin. Sometimes melanomas can grow in places that can be hard to spot, like this one on the heel of the foot. Many types of benign non-cancerous tumors can grow on the skin. They do not usually cause serious problems. Still, if you notice any lumps, bumps, spots, sores, or other marks on your skin that are new or changing, or that worry you for any other reason, see a doctor so they can be identified and treated, if needed.
Seborrheic keratoses are common benign non-cancerous skin growths.
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They often appear as tan, brown, or black raised spots with a waxy texture or rough surface. They are not contagious. Warts are benign non-cancerous growths on the skin caused by infection with the human papillomavirus HPV. They usually appear as lumps or bumps with a rough surface. While warts are not cancer, they can be spread through skin contact. Warts are more common in areas where the skin was broken.
For example, they can appear around the fingernails as a result of biting the nails or picking at hangnails. Warts on the bottom of the feet are known as plantar warts. They can be hard to treat because they grow inward. More In Cancer A-Z. Image of. Close Select A Hope Lodge. Your help makes breakthrough research, free rides to treatment, free places to stay near hospitals, and other crucial patient services all possible.
Your spleen may get bigger, making you feel full or bloated. The plasma cell is another type of disease-fighting cell in your bloodstream. Multiple myeloma causes your bone marrow to make plasma cells that grow out of control and keep your body from making enough healthy blood cells. They also release chemicals into your blood that can hurt your organs and tissues.
Bone pain : The most common sign of multiple myeloma is serious and long-lasting pain, usually in your back or ribs.
A dried blood spot mass spectrometry metabolomic approach for rapid breast cancer detection
The cancer cells release a chemical that stops the normal growth and healing process in your bones. They get thin and weak and can break easily. Damage to the bones in your spine can put pressure on your nerves and cause pain or weakness in your legs, tingling in your arms, and loss of bowel or bladder control. Hypercalcemia: Multiple myeloma causes high levels of calcium in your blood.
That can lead to:. Too much calcium in your blood can also hurt your kidneys. Certain proteins made by the cancer cells can, too.
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Signs include swollen ankles, shortness of breath, and itchy skin. Other multiple myeloma symptoms : The proteins the cancer cells release can damage your nerves, which can cause weakness, numbness, and pain in your arms and legs.
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Multiple myeloma cells also crowd out healthy cells in your blood. That can cause bleeding problems and make you anemic and more likely to get infections. But there are a few things to look for with the most common kinds of blood cancer. Signs of it include: Feeling tired and weak Shortness of breath Dizziness Pale skin Chest pain Poor clotting: Platelets are the cells that make your blood clot. You may also have: Unusual bruising Bleeding gums Tiny red dots on your skin from broken blood vessels Heavy periods Bowel movements that are black or streaked with red.
Continued Lymphoma Your lymph system carries infection-fighting white blood cells called lymphocytes throughout your body and helps get rid of waste. That can lead to: Nausea and stomach pain Excessive thirst and urination Constipation Loss of appetite Weakness Confusion Too much calcium in your blood can also hurt your kidneys.